C. Subramaniyan 11 December 1882 – 11 September 1921) was a Tamil writer, poet, journalist, Indian independence activist, social reformer and polyglot. He was bestowed the title “Bharathi” for his excellence in poetry. Subramania is popularly known by his mononymous title “Bharathi/ Bharathiyaar,” and also by the other title “Mahakavi Bharathi” (“the great poet Bharathi”). His numerous works included fiery songs kindling patriotism during the Indian Independence movement. Here is a poem Wind by Subramania Bharati for students.
Subramania Bharati, one of the greatest Tamil poets wrote ‘Wind’ in Tamil, and A. K. Ramanujan, a renowned Indian poet in English, translated it. The poem is written in simple verse, and it expresses the poet’s desire to befriend the wind. The poem describes the destructive power of the natural force. It also calls for men to be strong like the wind. This poem urges men to be strong and truly abled. Besides, the poem is Bharati’s call for his men to become durable and capable of destroying what is weak. He urges his men to be like the wind in their nature.
The poem, ‘Wind’ presents the poet’s wish to become friends with the natural element, wind. The wind is powerful and destructive, so one is unable to make friends with it. First, the poet asks the wind to be soft, but the wind does not change its nature. It is strong and it destroys all that is weak in its path. Then, the poet asks it not to damage things but the wind damages all that is not strong. So, the poet declares that anyone weak will not be able to befriend the wind.
Wind, come softly.
Don’t break the shutters of the windows.
Don’t scatter the papers.
Don’t throw down the books on the shelf.
There, look what you did — you threw them all down.
You tore the pages of the books.
You brought rain again.
You’re very clever at poking fun at weaklings.
Frail crumbling houses, crumbling doors, crumbling rafters,
crumbling wood, crumbling bodies, crumbling lives,
crumbling hearts —
the wind god winnows and crushes them all.
He won’t do what you tell him.
So, come, let’s build strong homes,
Let’s joint the doors firmly.
Practise to firm the body.
Make the heart steadfast.
Do this, and the wind will be friends with us.
The wind blows out weak fires.
He makes strong fires roar and flourish.
His friendship is good.
We praise him every day.
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